Environmental assessment/information system, monitoring and early warning

Why it is important?

International environmental instruments often contain requirements to use specific techniques and procedures, such as environmental assessment, information systems, monitoring, early warning, as necessary measures for full implementation. Such techniques and procedures have the role of mandatory tools for meeting the other obligations of multilateral environmental agreements. Although they are “mere” tools or mechanisms, the implementation of the whole agreement depends on their use.

Article 12 of the Carpathian Convention asks the Parties to apply specific impact assessment tools to ensure that the environmental, social and economic benefits and costs of the planned actions are taken into consideration, and that the most balanced and least harmful option is found. Parties are also requested to pursue policies by using continuous monitoring, assessment and reporting methods. Systems and information certainly exist in all countries. In order to combine and harmonize them, transboundary cooperation, exchange of information and mutual assistance by all parties involved is needed.


  • Science for the Carpathians Initiative S4C link
  • European Academy of Bolzano link
  • WWF Central and Eastern Europe link
  • Institute of Applied Ecology Daphne link

Key documents

  • S4C Research Strategy download
  • Carpathian Biodiversity Information System (CBIS) developed by CERI link 
  • Recommendations for COP6 of the Carpathian Convention from the Science for Carpathians Network (S4C) link
  • Recommendations to the Carpathian Convention from the Science for the Carpathians (S4C) Network
    Based on the inputs of participants of the 6th FORUM CARPATICUM “Linking the Environmental, Political and Societal Aspects for Carpathian Sustainability”, 21-25 June 2021 link

  • Recommendations for COP6 of the Carpathian Convention from the Science for Carpathians Network (S4C)
    Based on highlights from Forum Carpaticum 2018 and recent research of the S4C community link

  • S4C Research Agenda 2030 link




1Integrating nature protection and sustainable tourism development into the Carpathian region via science-policy-practice interface

Duration: September 2018 – June 2019

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1. This project was funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety by the Advisory Assistance Programme for environmental protection in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia and other countries neighbouring the European Union (AAP). It is supervised by the German Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt, UBA) and the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN).