Environmental assessment/information system, monitoring and early warning

Why it is important?

International environmental instruments often contain requirements to use specific techniques and procedures, such as environmental assessment, information systems, monitoring, early warning, as necessary measures for full implementation. Such techniques and procedures have the role of mandatory tools for meeting the other obligations of multilateral environmental agreements. Although they are “mere” tools or mechanisms, the implementation of the whole agreement depends on their use.

Article 12 of the Carpathian Convention asks the Parties to apply specific impact assessment tools to ensure that the environmental, social and economic benefits and costs of the planned actions are taken into consideration, and that the most balanced and least harmful option is found. Parties are also requested to pursue policies by using continuous monitoring, assessment and reporting methods. Systems and information certainly exist in all countries. In order to combine and harmonize them, transboundary cooperation, exchange of information and mutual assistance by all parties involved is needed.


  • Science for the Carpathians Initiative S4C link
  • Carpathian Ecoregion Initative CERI link
  • European Academy of Bolzano link
  • WWF Danube Carpathian Programme link
  • Institute of Applied Ecology Daphne link

Key documents

  • S4C Research Strategy download
  • Carpathian Protected Areas Clearing House Mechanism (CPACHM) developed by WWF link
  • Carpathian Biodiversity Information System (CBIS) developed by CERI link