Cultural heritage and traditional knowledge

Why it is important?

Heritage represents humankind’s legacy from the past, an irreplaceable source of life and inspiration for present and future generations.

Located in the heart of Europe, the Carpathians have always been an area where different tribes and ethnic and religious groups and nations – including the Austrians, Bohemians, Boykos, Czechs, Hungarians, Lemkos, Poles, Romanians, Ruthenians, Slovaks, Ukrainians and Wallachians – met, fought, colonized and finally assimilated with each other. These clashes and inter-minglings explain the region’s richness, diversity and cultural significance. 
Today as in the past, nature, culture and shared history bind the many Carpathian peoples together with a common spirit to a cultural/historical area. Many practices and traditions have survived, including Carpathian music and dance, harvest festivals, traditional agricultural products, magnificent wooden architecture, and local costumes and folklore. Many historical and cultural monuments and structures can still be found in the region.

Article 11 of the Carpathian Convention requires parties to pursue policies to preserve and protect cultural heritage and traditional knowledge. This includes cultural heritage, traditional knowledge, including architecture, land use, animal husbandry, horticulture and botany.

Related WGs and Intiatives

  • WG on Cultural Heritage

Key Documents

  • Ministerial Decleration on Cultural Heritage in the Carpathians download
  • Road Map to achieve the objectives of the Art. 11 of the Carpathian Convention - Cultural Heritage download
  • ToRs of the WG on Cultural Heritage and Traditional Knowledge download
  • ANPED Recommendations Carpathian Heritage Inventory download
  • "World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism in the Carpathians" - background paper download


Carpathian Heritage Inventory logo

Carpathian Heritage Inventory


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BigFoot Project



Carpathian Project - Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians in a Transnational Framework

Duration: 2005 - 2008


Carpathian Heritage Inventory