The Carpathian Convention follows a two-step approach, the "Framework Convention-Protocol" style:
Whereas the Framework Convention contains more general provisions, the Parties can propose Protocols to the Convention containing specific substantive obligations. These Protocols have to be adopted and signed at the sessions of the Conference of the Parties (COP). The Protocols are the most important means in order to complete and facilitate the implementation of the general principles constituted in the Convention itself.
Article 2 in conjunction with Article 18 of the Carpathian Convention (CC) provides the legal basis for the adoption of Protocols to the Carpathian Convention.
To the present date the following Protocols have been adopted: