Photo credits

Dianthus deltoides by Mircea Verghelet


Biological diversity is invaluable to humanity, as it not only sustains life, but also contributes to the health and functioning of ecosystems. The Carpathian Mountains are of great importance for the preservation of biological diversity due to their abundance of habitat types and plant species with of approximately 133 habitat types and 3,988 plant species, including endemic varieties. The region exhibits the largest pristine forests in Europe, with the broadest primeval forests. In addition, the Carpathians are home to the richest population of large carnivores in Europe.

Human actions are fundamentally, and to a significant extent irreversibly, changing the diversity of life on Earth. For that reason, Article 4 of the Carpathian Convention requires the Parties to take specific measures regarding the conservation and sustainable use of biological and landscape diversity.

    Carpathian Biodiversity Framework

    The Carpathian Convention, as a regional mechanism for cooperation, will support implementation of the CBD and the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) at the Carpathian level, and it will increase synergies between other relevant conventions and processes. Further to the Carpathian Commitments adopted the Ministerial Conference on 22 November 2022, a Carpathian Biodiversity Framework was developed and adopted at the 7th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) on 12 October 2023. 

    The Carpathian Biodiversity Framework translates the GBF into policy actions for the Carpathian region to ensure common efforts for living in harmony with nature by 2050. To streamline the Carpathian Biodiversity Framework into existing reporting mechanisms, the Secretariat is working to reflect the Carpathian biodiversity policy actions into the Carpathian countries’ national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs), which must be revised in light of the new GBF and submitted to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This process will avoid isolated approaches for the implementation of the GBF and make the best use of limited financial and human resources.  

    To further strengthen these efforts, the CBD, the Alpine Convention, and the Carpathian Convention renewed the trilateral Memorandum of Cooperation in the light of the GBF that shall facilitate the implementation of the new framework and guide the way for effective mountain biodiversity protection in the Alpine and Carpathian regions and beyond, and importantly support experience and knowledge sharing with other mountain regions of the world. 

    Mountain Biodiversity Platfrom

    Why does mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of mountain biodiversity matter for well-being?

    This Mountain Biodiversity Platform aims to present good practices from the Carpathian region in key economic areas. It hopes to raise the awareness of policy makers and the media to help them recognize the value and benefits of integrated ecosystem management; thus encouraging governments and other stakeholders to use the approach in development planning.

    Vienna Programme Office
    Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention

    UN Environmnent
    Vienna International Centre
    PO Box 500
    A – 1400 Vienna

    Tel: +43 1 260 60 83038

    © Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention